Digital Archives beyond Britain

Compiled by Dr Sneha Krishnan, with additions by Dr Gordon Barrett, Dr Peter Brooke, and Dr Faridah Zaman, this provides a suggestion of digital archives with holdings relevant to global and imperial history.  We welcome suggestions of additional resources. 


  • University, National and other Large-Scale Digital Libraries

  • South/Southeast Asia

  • China

  • Middle East/Africa

  • Internationalism

  • Art

  • Gender/Sexuality

  • Rare Books and Manuscripts

  • Maps

  • Western Printed Material

  • Medical Science

  • Indigenous

  • Missionary / Christian

  • Recorded Lectures


University, National and other Large-Scale Digital Libraries 


Hathi Trust

University of Pennsylvania Digitised Collections

Cambridge Digital Library

Northwestern University:

University College Dublin Libraries: 

University of North Texas Libraries: 

University of St. Andrews:

University of Washington Libraries: 

University of Toronto Library Digital Collection

Princeton University Library Digital Collection

Digital Bodleian

University of Chicago Digital Collections

Brown University Digital Collections

UCLA Library Digital Collections

The Huntington Digital Library:

Adam Matthew Archival Materials for Teaching (Access via Oxford SSO) 

Austrian National Library: 

British Library Digital Collections

Gallica (Bibliothèque Nationale de France, digital collections),

Biblioteca Digital Hispánica (BNE, Spain), 

The Digital Collections of the Munich State Library

The University of Heidelberg Digital Collections a substantial South Asian Studies Library

UK National Archives Digitised Collections

US National Archives and Records Administration Digitised Collections

National Library of Scotland Digitised Resources

Library of Congress Digital Collections

Göttingen State and University Library

Digital Repository of Ireland


South/South East Asia

Films Division India on YouTube

Indian Kanoon (Indian Case Law and Legislation going back to the 1870s)

Lahore University of Management Sciences Digital Library

National Digital Library of India

Cornell South East Asia Collections

South Asian American Digital Archive

University of Tubingen Hermann Gundert Portal (Indian Language Printed Material and Manuscript Collections)

Kerala Sahitya Akademi Portal (Malayalam Language)

University of Wisconsin Bhopal Disaster Archive

National Archives of India Digital Collections

Gokhale Library (Maharashtra, India) Printed Reports

The Asiatic Society of Mumbai Digital Collections

Cambridge Centre of South Asian Studies Audio Archive

Cambridge Centre of South Asian Studies Video/Film Archive

National Archives of Singapore Digital Collections

Shiju Alex Kerala History Archive (mainly consisting of printed texts in Malayalam but also including several English language Missionary papers)

Hong Kong Public Libraries Multimedia Information System Newspaper Archives

Singapore National Library Board Newspaper Collections

West Bengal Public Library Network

Harvard University Stuart Cary Welch Islamic and South Asian Photograph Collection

South Asia Open Archive extensive archive of South Asian materials including several collections in the English language. 

Indian Indenture Project


Cambridge Archive Editions: China Political Reports 1911-1960, 1961-1970

  • Reports created by British officials in China  

China and the Modern World [temporary access to 1st September 2020]

Chinese Newspapers Collection (1832-1953)

  • Collection of 12 English-language Chinese newspapers and missionary publications, including newspapers from Beijing, Canton, and Shanghai

Historical Photographs of China                                   

North China Herald (1850-1940)

Virtual Shanghai Project                                                 

  • Includes historical maps, films, and audio

Middle East and North Africa

Qatar Digital Library

Jarayed, archive of Arabic Newspapers (in Hebrew, Arabic and English) from Ottoman and Mandatory Palestine

Translatio Uni Bonn – Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Digitised Periodicals on the Universitat Bonn webpage

Akkasah – Digitised Photographs from the Middle East and North Africa

Access to Middle East and Islamic Resources (AMIR) – Blog with links to numerous online resources on Teaching and Learning in this region

American Centre for Oriental Resources Library

American University in Cairo Digital Collections

Arab Image Foundation Archive (Non Profit archive of Middle Eastern images based in Beirut) 

ArchNet archive of Middle Eastern Built Environments, curated by the Aga Khan Documentation Centre at MIT

Das Bild des Orients Library of Asian images searchable in both German and English

University of Hamburg, Islamic Printed Page project

The Palestine Poster Project Archives

Saudi Aramco World Digital Archive Dating from 1964, published and unpublished images belonging to the Aramco World magazine. 

Shamela Free Digital Collection of Arabic Books

Waqfeya Arabic books with a focus on Islamic Religious Sciences

Hebrew Books Over 50,000 Hebrew printed books digitised

Historical Jewish Press National Library of Israel Collection of Jewish and Hebrew Periodicals Digitised 



Digital Innovation South Africa (1948-1994)

Struggles for Freedom: Southern Africa

UNIP Party Archive, 1948-1988

International African Institute (Leiden) database of online resources:


The Caribbean

The Digital Grainger  The first edition of The Sugar-Cane, a 168-page poem about eighteenth-century Caribbean sugar plantations, appeared in London in 1764.

Slave Revolt in Jamaica, A Cartographic Narrative



Canada, between the US and Empire, 1883-1904: In the Papers of the Governor General

Héritage – Canadiana: microforms of French and British colonial and military correspondence, 17th – 18th centuries and beyond

Simon Fraser University Digital Collections (Immigrant/Indigenous Experience in Canada)



Wilson Centre Digital Collections (Histories of Internationalism)

Red Cross Archives (Humanitarianism)

Audio-Visual Collections of the Red Cross

Commonwealth Online Archive

CIA Electronic Reading Room

Foreign Relations of the US Collection

UK Cabinet Papers Digitised

Digital National Security Archive (George Washington University – Collection of Non-Governmental Papers relating to Foreign Affairs/Security)

Blavatnik Archive

League of Nations Digitized Publications and Archives



Princeton Art Museum Digital

ArtStor Art Images Online (Access provided by Oxford SSO) 

Getty Collections Online Resources

US National Gallery of Art Digital

Yale Centre for British Art

Art Institute of Chicago:

The Frick Collection:

The Huntington Digital Library:



Resources in the Study of Gender and Sexuality

Women’s Worlds in Qajar Iran A unique project with private family papers, institutional documents and official material relating to gender and everyday life in Qajar (1796 – 1925) Iran.

The Gerritsen Collection of Women’s History 19th and 20th century British and North American periodicals and books pertaining to women’s social and political rights


Rare Books/Manuscripts

E-Codices, Virtual Manuscript Library of Switzerland

Fragmentarium: Digital Research Laboratory for Medieval Manuscript Fragments:

IIIF Collections of Manuscripts and Rare Books:

Manuscripts illuminations from the French national library Collections (metadata mostly in French):, the platform for digitized rare books from Swiss libraries: (top-level collection:, the digital platform for manuscript material from Swiss libraries and archives: (top-level collection:


British Library Endangered Archive Programme Collections



David Rumsey Map Collection, 

Library of Congress (US), 

Bibliothèque Nationale de France Exhibit: histoire de la cartographie, 

John Carter Brown LIbrary Digital Collections (Maps, Cartoons, Images, Books), 

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps (commercial site with excellent research on items in the collection), 


Western Printed Material

Folger Shakespeare Library

Collection of digitized Swiss newspapers: 


Medicine / Science

École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Digital Collections

Wellcome Library Digital Collections




Indigenous Digital Archive: 

Simon Fraser University Digital Collections (Immigrant/Indigenous Experience in Canada)


Archives of Professional Organisations

The Wiley Digital Archive includes collections of the Royal Anthropological Institute, the Royal Geographical Society, the Royal College of Physicians and the New York Academy of Sciences, with plans to include more collections in the near future. 


Missionary / Christian

Basel Mission Photographs

Yale Divinity School

GEI Digital Textbook Library (European Textbooks)


Digitised Lectures and Podcasts